London 2012 Olympic Stadium could be considered the most sustainable ever built. The Olympic Stadium, located at Marshgate Lane in Stratford will be the prime stadium for the London 2012 Summer Games. Built over a three year period between 2008 and 2011, the London 2012 Olympic Stadium, contains 55,000 temporary seats on the upper level that will be removed once the Olympics are over.
London 2012 Olympic Stadium: Team
The London 2012 Olympic Stadium was designed by global architecture and design practice Populous. The stadium design and construction team has been led by Sir Robert McAlpine, with Populous as the architect and Buro Happold as the designer of the civil, structural and building services work. Hyland Edgar Driver were the landscape architects. The planning consultant was Savilles Hepher Dixon.
London 2012 Olympic Stadium: Sustainable Features
The London 2012 Olympic Stadium is one the most sustainable buildings ever that includes:
- Low-carbon concrete, made from industrial waste and with 40 percent less embodied carbon that regular concrete.
- The top ring of the Stadium was built using surplus gas pipes.
- The toilet facilities will be built from recycled shipping containers with all required water and sewage management.
- Crushed concrete, recycled from other parts of the Olympic Park, was placed on top of the ground creating a solid base for the Stadium’s construction.
- Using lightweight steel for the London 2012 Olympic Stadium was critical on reducing the amount of materials used for its construction.
- 500,000 plants being planted in the Olympic Park’s wetland areas
London 2012 Olympic Stadium: Interesting Facts
- The Olympic Stadium is 75 percent lighter in terms of steel use than other stadiums. Only 10,000 tons of steel were used.
- The stadium design is ground bowl with a cable-supported fabric roof.
- The upper level seats, 55,000 temporary seats, are supported using a scaffold-like structure.
- The ground level seats at the London 2012 Olympic Stadium are embedded into the ground.
- The Olympic Stadium has 2,821 feet perimeter and stands 197 feet high.
- At one time, more than 650 workers were actively building the Olympic Stadium.
- 5,000 – The number of workers that took part in the construction.
- 4,000 concrete piles that form the venue’s foundations were driven more than 65 feet deep.
- 14 towers with a total of 532 floodlights will illuminate the 2012 Olympic Stadium. Each tower stands more than 230 feet above ground.
- The Olympic Stadium contains more than 150 miles of power cables.
- More than one million cubic meters were excavated as part of the foundations and earth movement activities.
- 900 tons of scaffolding and over a kilometer of support platforms were used to assemble over 12,000m of cables and the walkways.
- 112 panels were installed as part of the Olympic Stadium roof, totaling an approximate of 270,000 sq. ft.
- A 650 ton crane lifted each of the lighting towers, each one weighing more than 34 tons.
- The stadium height is half the size of the London Eye and almost identical to the central span of Tower Bridge, 62.7 m.
- A fabric wrap has been designed to wrap around the stadium using colors, mosaics and Olympic-related images that can be altered. The wrap will include 2.5m wide banners, twisted at 90° angles, highlighting the entrances to the stadium at the base of the structure.
- It will be a porous, translucent printed fabric to allow the building to breathe naturally with the minimum of fixed mechanical systems.
- The roof, stretching 28 meters around the Olympic Stadium, is supported by a steel frame with a zigzag pattern, which looks like an upside-down paper hat.
- More than 30 buildings were demolished on the site to make way for the construction of the venue.
- It took four weeks and 56 hydraulic jacks to lift the 450 tons structure into place.