Roof Trusses Used in House Construction
Selecting the best type of roof truss for a house is quite challenging. Functionality and aesthetic conditions will lead the considerations of the type of roof truss that you will be selecting in the construction of houses and buildings. Weather conditions must be also taken into consideration when choosing the roof truss for your construction. Most often, variations of the common truss are named for their web configuration, such as the King Post, Bowstring, Fink and Howe trusses, with the chord size and web configuration typically being determined by the load, span and spacing.
A common truss is recognizable by its triangular shape and is most often used in roof construction. Each roof truss has pros and cons, and it must be designed to suit specific conditions and purposes. It is important to have in mind what type of look you want to have in your finish building when selecting the type of roof truss. A parallel chord or flat truss is so named for its parallel top and bottom chords and is often used to construct floors.
There are many roof truss types and variations, including Arch Frame, Belgian, Dropped Chord, Gambrel, Hip Step-down, Howe, Parallel Chord, Pratt Bottom Chord, Pratt Top Chord, Raised Heel, Scissor, Semi Howe, Slope Frame and Warren.
Pros and Cons of Roof TrussesParallel Chord Roof Truss
Commonly used in cathedral ceilings. Its cost is higher because it requires the use of steel members to serve as bracing. The complexity and numerous wood members used is another disadvantage. Thermal bridging caused by the steel braces can decrease energy efficiency.
Raised Heel Roof Truss
This method allows having greater energy efficiency. This roof truss reduces the condensation problems and mold conditions, since they create a vapor barrier. It requires a soffit siding and additional insulation works, which add ups to elevate construction costs. It can be designed to span an area and provide full depth attic space.
Scissor Roof Truss
Also commonly used in cathedral ceiling for its convenience, this type of roof truss reduces the needs for a bearing beam. It uses lower chords, sloped inward, instead of being horizontal. One of the disadvantages of using this type of truss is the problems to complete insulation works, also elevating construction costs.
Dropped Chord Roof Truss
Composed of a convention truss, with a secondary chord truss suspended below to help reduce truss uplift. Similar to the Raised Heel Truss, this type also creates a vapor barrier creating great insulation characteristics. Vapor barrier needs additional blocking and siding in the intersection of walls and ceilings, adding up to the construction cost.